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Development of Industrial US (1870-1900)

Course code: HIS0527 School: National Archives
Created by: National Archives Subject: History
Modified on: 19-Apr-2012 Grades: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12

Description:

Lesson plans from The National Archives designed around Primary Source Documents from the era of 'The Development of the Industrial United States (1870-1900)'

Topics Include:
Alexander Graham Bell's Patent for the Telephone and Thomas Edison's Patent for the Electric Lamp
Glidden's Patent Application for Barbed Wire
The Homestead Act of 1862
Little House in the Census: Almanzo and Laura Ingalls Wilder
Maps of Indian Territory, the Dawes Act, and Will Rogers' Enrollment Case File
Petition Signed by Thomas A. Edison for Sunday Openings at the World's Columbian Exposition
Affidavit and Flyers from the Chinese Boycott Case
Photographs of Lewis Hine: Documentation of Child Labor

Units in this course (9)
3 Items

Alexander Graham Bell and Thomas Edison

Lesson on Alexander Graham Bell's Patent for the Telephone and Thomas Edison's Patent for the Electric Lamp.

In 1876 Americans held a Centennial Exhibition in Philadelphia to celebrate the nation's birth 100 years earlier. It was the first world's fair to be held in the United States, and it announced for all to see that the nation had come of age as an industrial power. Over 8 million Americans attended, many traveling the railways that now spanned the continent. Of all the exhibition buildings, Machinery Hall drew the most admiration and wonder. Its displays were powered by the world's largest steam engine. Inside, inventions by two of America's greatest inventors were on display. Alexander Graham Bell exhibited the first telephone, and Thomas Alva Edison presented the automatic telegraph, one of more than 1,000 inventions he would patent in his lifetime. Together their inventions

  • Subject: History

    Grades: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12

    Tags: Alexander Graham Bell,Thomas Edison,patent,telephone,invention,inventor,innovation,inventing,thomas edison,edison,bell,electricity,lamp,science,american history,us history,united states of america

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Background, Alexander Graham Bell, Thomas Edison

Subject: History

Source: The National Archives

License: Public Domain

Address: http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/telephone-light-patents/

Tags: background,article,handout,information,inventions,inventors,innovation,inventing,Alexander Graham Bell,telephone,bell,thomas edison,edison,electricty,corportations,america,national archives,Joan Brodsky Schur,Village Community School

Alexander Graham Bell & Thomas Edison: Documents

Subject: History

Source: The National Archives

License: Public Domain

Address: http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/telephone-light-patents/#documents

Tags: alexander graham bell,telephone,patent,drawing,image,photo,document,inventor,invention,inventing,innovation,bell,thomas edison,edison,lamp,electric lamp,electricity,lightbulb,national archives

Teaching Activities & Standards Correlations

Subject: History

Source: The National Archives

License: Public Domain

Address: http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/telephone-light-patents/activities.html#standards

Tags: patent,inventor,invention,innovation,inventing,telephone,electric lamp,electricity,lamp,lightbulb,thomas edison,edison,Alexander Graham Bell,bell,standards,standards correlations,teaching activities,activity,handout,worksheet,discussion,national archives,Joan Brodsky Schur,Village Community School

3 Items

Glidden's Patent Application for Barbed Wire

Lesson with documents on Glidden's Patent Application for Barbed Wire.

From the National Archives

Life in the American West was reshaped by a series of patents for a simple tool that helped ranchers tame the land: barbed wire. Nine patents for improvements to wire fencing were granted by the U.S. Patent Office to American inventors, beginning with Michael Kelly in November 1868 and ending with Joseph Glidden in November 1874. Barbed wire not only simplified the work of the rancher and farmer, but it significantly affected political, social, and economic practices throughout the region. The swift emergence of this highly effective tool as the favored fencing method influenced life in the region as dramatically as the rifle, six-shooter, telegraph, windmill, and locomotive.

  • Subject: History

    Grades: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12

    Tags: patent,inventor,invention,inventing,innovation,barbed wire,Glidden,Joseph Glidden,Michael Kelly,farming,National Archives,documents

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Background

Subject: History

Source: The National Archives

License: Public Domain

Address: http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/barbed-wire/index.html

Tags: background,article,handout,reading,glidden,Joseph Glidden,patent,inventor,inventing,invention,barbed wire,Ray Schamel,Emily Schamel,Wynell Schamel,Social Education,National Archives

Glidden's Patent Application for Barbed Wire Docs

Subject: History

Source: The National Archives

License: Public Domain

Address: http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/barbed-wire/index.html#documents

Tags: documents,glidden,Joseph Glidden,patent,drawing,description,image,photo,slideshow,inventor,invention,inventing,innovation,barbed wire,National Archives

Teaching Activities & Standards Correlations

Subject: History

Source: The National Archives

License: Public Domain

Address: http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/barbed-wire/activities.html#standards

Tags: teaching activities,activity,class activity,discussion,standards,standards correlations,national standards,glidden,Joseph Glidden,patent,barbed wire,inventor,invention,inventing,innovation,Ray Schamel,Emily Schamel,Wynell Schamel,Social Education,National Archives,industry,Industrial Growth,industrial revolution

3 Items

The Homestead Act of 1862

Lesson with documents on The Homestead Act of 1862.

On January 1, 1863, Daniel Freeman, a Union Army scout, was scheduled to leave Gage County, Nebraska Territory, to report for duty in St. Louis. At a New Year's Eve party the night before, Freeman met some local Land Office officials and convinced a clerk to open the office shortly after midnight in order to file a land claim. In doing so, Freeman became one of the first to take advantage of the opportunities provided by the Homestead Act, a law signed by President Abraham Lincoln on May 20, 1862. At the time of the signing, 11 states had left the Union, and this piece of legislation would continue to have regional and political overtones.

  • Subject: History

    Grades: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12

    Tags: homestead act,1862,documents,lesson,unit,Daniel Freeman,union,army,Abraham Lincoln,growth of industry

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Background

Subject: History

Source: The National Archives

License: Public Domain

Address: http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/homestead-act/

Tags: background,article,homestead act,1862,handout,daniel freeman,Lee Ann Potter,Wynell Schamel,Social Education,reading,National Archives

The Homestead Act of 1862: Documents

Subject: History

Source: The National Archives

License: Public Domain

Address: http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/homestead-act/#documents

Tags: documents,homestead act,homestead,application,primary documents,primary source,certificate,National Archives,daniel freeman

Teaching Activities & Standards Correlations

Subject: History

Source: The National Archives

License: Public Domain

Address: http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/homestead-act/activities.html#standards

Tags: teaching activities,activity,class activity,discussion,standards,standards correlations,national standards,Lee Ann Potter,Wynell Schamel,Homestead act,1862,Social Education,National Archives

4 Items

Little House in the Census: Ingalls and Wilder

Lesson with documents on Little House in the Census - Almanzo and Laura Ingalls Wilder.

Every 10 years since 1790, the U.S. Government has taken a census to enumerate the population so as to apportion seats in the House of Representatives. Census enumerators canvass their districts house-to-house, collecting information about individuals and households on large forms called population schedules.

  • Subject: History

    Grades: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12

    Tags: lesson,documents,document,census,Almanzo Ingalls,Laura Wilder,Little House on the Prarie,television,culture,american culture,american history,House of Representitives,US government,congress

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Background

Subject: History

Source: The National Archives

License: Public Domain

Address: http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/wilder/

Tags: background,article,handout,reading,little house on the prarie,census,almanzo ingalls,laura wilder,House of Representatives,National Archives,Jean West Mueller,Wynell Schamel,Social Education

Page from 1880 Census

Subject: History

Source: The National Archives

License: Public Domain

Address: http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/wilder/#documents

Tags: census,1880 census,national archives,documents,document,primary documents,primary source

Page from 1900 Census

Subject: History

Source: The National Archives

License: Public Domain

Address: http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/wilder/#documents

Tags: 1900 census,census,national archives,document,documents,primary documents,primary source,handout

Teaching Activities & Standards Correlations

Subject: History

Source: The National Archives

License: Public Domain

Address: http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/wilder/activities.html#standards

Tags: teaching activities,activity,class activity,handout,discussion,vocabulary,maps,documents,analysis,research,national archives

3 Items

Maps: Indian Territory, Dawes Act, Will Rogers

Lesson with documents on Maps of Indian Territory, the Dawes Act, and Will Rogers' Enrollment Case File.


Federal Indian policy during the period from 1870 to 1900 marked a departure from earlier policies that were dominated by removal, treaties, reservations, and even war. The new policy focused specifically on breaking up reservations by granting land allotments to individual Native Americans. Very sincere individuals reasoned that if a person adopted white clothing and ways, and was responsible for his own farm, he would gradually drop his Indianess and be assimilated into the population. Then there would be no more necessity for the government to oversee Indian welfare in the paternalistic way it had been obligated to do, or provide meagre annuities that seemed to keep the Indian in a subservient and poverty stricken position.

  • Subject: History

    Grades: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12

    Tags: lesson,documents,maps,indian territory,native americans,native american territory,dawes act,dawes,indian policy,WIll Rogers,enrollment case file,National Archives

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Background

Subject: History

Source: The National Archives

License: Public Domain

Address: http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/fed-indian-policy/

Tags: background,article,maps,lesson,territory,Indian territory,native american,native american territory,native american policy,dawes,dawes act,will rogers,enrollment case file,Kerry C. Kelly,Hunterdon Central Regional High School,National Archives,reading,handout

Maps: Indian Territory, Dawes Act, Rogers: Docs

Subject: History

Source: The National Archives

License: Public Domain

Address: http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/fed-indian-policy/#documents

Tags: Maps,Indian territory,dawes,dawes act,will rogers,enrollment act,documents,images,photos,scans,native american,native american territory,primary sources

Teaching Activities & Standards Correlations

Subject: History

Source: The National Archives

License: Public Domain

Address: http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/fed-indian-policy/activities.html#standards

Tags: teaching activities,activity,class activity,handout,discussion,maps,Indian territory,native american territory,dawes act,dawes,Rogers,enrollment case file,Kerry C. Kelly,Hunterdon Central Regional High School,National Archives,standards,national standards,standards correlations

3 Items

Petition Signed by Thomas A. Edison

Lesson with documents on Petition Signed by Thomas A. Edison for Sunday Openings at the World's Columbian Exposition.


In 1893, in just 184 days, 28 million people, about one-third of the American population, visited the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago. Beyond the exhibits, visitors witnessed a panoply of constitutional rights. In particular, they saw the First Amendment in action. Citizens petitioned the fair's managers. Citizens assembled peaceably. Citizens exercised freedom of speech and religion. The subjects of the petitions, assemblies, and speeches foreshadowed 20th century debates over social issues, including religion, gender, and race. Chicago itself testified to rapid urban growth and a Phoenix-like ability to rebuild after the devastation of the Great Fire. Now the population totaled about 1,550,000, with one-third foreign born. The city was celebrating 400 year

  • Subject: History

    Grades: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12

    Tags: lesson,documents,petition,thomas edison,edison,world's columbian exposition,sunday,sunday openings,1893,first amendment,assembly,speeches,chicago,great chicago fire,great fire,culture,american history,us history,National Archives

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Background

Subject: History

Source: The National Archives

License: Public Domain

Address: http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/edison-petition/

Tags: background,article,lesson,petition,thomas edison,sunday,edison,world's columbian exposition,sunday openings,national archives

Petition Signed by Thomas A. Edison: Documents

Subject: History

Source: The National Archives

License: Public Domain

Address: http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/edison-petition/#documents

Tags: cover letter,petition,documents,images,photos,primary documents,primary source,thomas edison,edison,world's columbian exposition,sunday openings,sunday,national archives

Teaching Activities & Standards Correlations

Subject: History

Source: The National Archives

License: Public Domain

Address: http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/edison-petition/activities.html#standards

Tags: teaching activities,Standards Correlation,standards correlations,standards,national standards,activities,class activities,discussion,curriculum,research,writing,creative writing,group discussion,National Archives

3 Items

Affidavit and Flyers from Chinese Boycott Case

Lesson with documents on Affidavit and Flyers from the Chinese Boycott Case.


Although a very small number of Chinese immigrants came to the United States prior to 1850, it wasn't until news of the gold strikes in California reached China that large numbers of Chinese men, eager to earn money, sailed for "Gum San," or the "gold mountain." Western encroachment and civil unrest had led to inflation, starvation, and loss of land in southern China. Many young men emigrated to the United States as a last hope for their families. Among their occupations were mining, building the Central Pacific Railroad, laundering, cooking, farming, and, if successful, operating restaurants and becoming merchants.

  • Subject: History

    Grades: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12

    Tags: affidavit,flyers,china,chinese boycott,immigration,immigrants,chinese,boycott,national archives,documents

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Background

Subject: History

Source: The National Archives

License: Public Domain

Address: http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/chinese-boycott/

Tags: background,affidavit,flyers,china,chinese,chinese boycott,article,immigration,immigrants,National Archives

Affidavit & Flyers from Chinese Boycott: The Docs

Subject: History

Source: The National Archives

License: Public Domain

Address: http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/chinese-boycott/#documents

Tags: documents,affidavit,flyers,chinese boycott,china,immigration,immigrant,chinese immigration,huie pock,quon loy,National Archives

Teaching Activities & Standards Correlations

Subject: History

Source: The National Archives

License: Public Domain

Address: http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/chinese-boycott/activities.html#standards

Tags: teaching activities,activity,class activity,standards correlations,standards,national standards,curriculum,analysis,document,courtroom,mock court,court,data,statistics,immigration,immigrants,legislation,laws,legal,timeline,discussion,chinese exclusion act,arch research,research,National Archives

3 Items

Photos of Lewis Hine-Documentation of Child Labor

Lesson with documents on Photographs of Lewis Hine: Documentation of Child Labor.


After the Civil War, the availability of natural resources, new inventions, and a receptive market combined to fuel an industrial boom. The demand for labor grew, and in the late 19th and early 20th centuries many children were drawn into the labor force. Factory wages were so low that children often had to work to help support their families. The number of children under the age of 15 who worked in industrial jobs for wages climbed from 1.5 million in 1890 to 2 million in 1910. Businesses liked to hire children because they worked in unskilled jobs for lower wages than adults, and their small hands made them more adept at handling small parts and tools. Children were seen as part of the family economy. Immigrants and rural migrants often sent their children to work, or worked alongside them. However,

  • Subject: History

    Grades: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12

    Tags: lewis hine,photographer,photograph,photography,photo,photos,child labor,laws,labor,unions,industry,document,primary soure,National Archives

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Background

Subject: History

Source: The National Archives

License: Public Domain

Address: http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/hine-photos/

Tags: hine,lewis hine,photographs,photos,photographer,photography,child labor,labor laws,children,working conditions,industry,industrial revolution,background,article,National Archives

Lewis Hine Photos: Child Labor - The Documents

Subject: History

Source: The National Archives

License: Public Domain

Address: http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/hine-photos/#documents

Tags: garment workers,basket seller,selling radishes,radishes,child labor,photos,photographs,photography,photograph,shoe shining,factory,labor,weaving,boys,girls,National Archives

Teaching Activities & Standards Correlations

Subject: History

Source: The National Archives

License: Public Domain

Address: http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/hine-photos/activities.html#standards

Tags: standards,national standards,constitution,activity,creative writing,photo analysis,discussion,article,National Archives

8 Items

Document Analysis Worksheets

These document analysis worksheets are referenced and incorporated in many of the following units.

Document analysis worksheets were designed and developed by the Education Staff of the National Archives and Records Administration. You may find these worksheets useful as you introduce students to various documents. Thousands of documents are available throughout sections of the National Archives website, including: Teaching With Documents, Online Exhibits, and the ARC Online Catalog.

Items:

Written Document Analysis Worksheet

Subject: History

Source: The National Archives

License: Public Domain

Address: http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/worksheets/index.html

Tags:

Photo Analysis Worksheet

Subject: History

Source: The National Archives

License: Public Domain

Address: http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/worksheets/index.html

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Cartoon Analysis Worksheet

Subject: History

Source: The National Archives

License: Public Domain

Address: http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/worksheets/index.html

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Poster Analysis Worksheet

Subject: History

Source: The National Archives

License: Public Domain

Address: http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/worksheets/index.html

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Map Analysis Worksheet

Subject: History

Source: The National Archives

License: Public Domain

Address: http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/worksheets/index.html

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Artifact Analysis Worksheet

Subject: History

Source: The National Archives

License: Public Domain

Address: http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/worksheets/index.html

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Motion Picture Analysis Worksheet

Subject: History

Source: The National Archives

License: Public Domain

Address: http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/worksheets/index.html

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Sound Recording Analysis Worksheet

Subject: History

Source: The National Archives

License: Public Domain

Address: http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/worksheets/index.html

Tags: